Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Appendix A to § 1910.151 -- First aid kits (Non-Mandatory)

First aid supplies are required to be readily available under paragraph § 1910.151(b). An example of the minimal contents of a generic first aid kit is described in American National Standard (ANSI) Z308.1-1998

ANSI's first aid standard has been fundamentally changed, from a design-based standard to a new performance-based standard. All products are now required to meet specific performance criteria. Kits in compliance will contain specific numbers of required items to treat major and minor wounds, minor burns and eye injuries.
Kits are now classified into three types:
Type I
Intended use: stationary, indoor settings, in a controlled environment
Potential for damage of kit contents: minimal
Requirements: minimum fill requirements; means for mounting in fixed position.
Typical applications: general indoor use, offices, manufacturing facilities
Type II
Intended use: portable, indoor settings, in a controlled environment
Potential for damage of kit contents: minimal
Requirements: minimum fill requirements; carrying handle; subjected to a drop test
Typical applications: general indoor use, offices, manufacturing
Type III
Intended use: portable use outdoors and in mobile industries
Potential for damage of kit contents: significant
Requirements: moisture-resistant, corrosion-resistant, carrying handle; minimum fill requirements; means for mounting in fixed position; subjected to conditioning and drop tests
Typical applications: general outdoor use, mobile industries
Fill Requirements:
Item Unit Minimum
Quantity
Absorbent Compress 32 sq. in. (81.3 sq. cm) 1
Adhesive Bandages 1" x 3" (2.5 x 7.5 cm) 16
Adhesive Tape 5 yd. (457.2 cm) 1
Antiseptic 0.5 g (0.14 fl. oz) 10
Burn Treatment 0.5 g (0.14 fl. oz) 6
Medical Exam Gloves Pair 2
Sterile Pad 3" x 3" (7.5 x 7.5 cm) 4
Triangular Bandage 40" x 40" x 56" (101 x 101 x 142 cm) 1

 The contents of the kit listed in the ANSI standard should be adequate for small worksites. When larger operations or multiple operations are being conducted at the same location, employers should determine the need for additional first aid kits at the worksite, additional types of first aid equipment and supplies and additional quantities and types of supplies and equipment in the first aid kits.

In a similar fashion, employers who have unique or changing first-aid needs in their workplace may need to enhance their first-aid kits. The employer can use the OSHA 300 log, OSHA 301 log, or other reports to identify these unique problems. Consultation from the local fire/rescue department, appropriate medical professional, or local emergency room may be helpful to employers in these circumstances. By assessing the specific needs of their workplace, employers can ensure that reasonably anticipated supplies are available. Employers should assess the specific needs of their worksite periodically and augment the first aid kit appropriately.

If it is reasonably anticipated that employees will be exposed to blood or other potentially infectious materials while using first aid supplies, employers are required to provide appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) in compliance with the provisions of the Occupational Exposure to Blood borne Pathogens standard, § 1910.1030(d)(3) (56 FR 64175). This standard lists appropriate PPE for this type of exposure, such as gloves, gowns, face shields, masks, and eye protection.

No comments:

Post a Comment