Tuesday, October 30, 2012

First Aid Program Fundamentals Part 1

First aid is emergency care provided for injury or sudden illness before emergency medical treatment is available. The first-aid provider in the workplace is someone who is trained in the delivery of initial medical emergency procedures, using a limited amount of equipment to perform a primary assessment and intervention while awaiting arrival of emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. A workplace first-aid program is part of a comprehensive safety and health management system that includes the following four essential elements1:
  • Management Leadership and Employee Involvement
  • Worksite Analysis
  • Hazard Prevention and Control
  • Safety and Health Training
  • The purpose of this guide is to present a summary of the basic elements for a first-aid program at the workplace. Those elements include:
  • Identifying and assessing the workplace risks that have potential to cause worker injury or illness.
  • Designing and implementing a workplace first-aid program that:
    • Aims to minimize the outcome of accidents or exposures
    • Complies with OSHA requirements relating to first aid
    • Includes sufficient quantities of appropriate and readily accessible first-aid supplies and first-aid equipment, such as bandages and automated external defibrillators.
    • Assigns and trains first-aid providers who:
      • receive first-aid training suitable to the specific workplace
      • receive periodic refresher courses on first-aid skills and knowledge.
  • Instructing all workers about the first-aid program, including what workers should do if a coworker is injured or ill. Putting the policies and program in writing is recommended to implement this and other program elements.
  • Providing for scheduled evaluation and changing of the first-aid program to keep the program current and applicable to emerging risks in the workplace, including regular assessment of the adequacy of the first-aid training course.
This guide also includes an outline of the essential elements of safe and effective first-aid training for the workplace as guidance to institutions teaching first-aid courses and to the consumers of these courses.
To be continued...

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